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Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Empty Nest Syndrome | Definition, Symptoms & Solutions

Empty nest syndrome is a general feeling of grief and loneliness parents or guardians may feel when their children leave home. Because an adult child moving out is seen as a normal and healthy event, the symptoms of empty nest syndrome often go unrecognized ("Empty Nest Syndrome," 2010). For parents, this can result in depression, as well as a loss of purpose. When their children finally “leave the nest”, parents must begin to adjust their lives accordingly.

While all parents are susceptible to experiencing empty nest syndrome, there are factors that contribute to some parents being more likely to experience it than others such as:

  • Finding change to be stressful rather than refreshing
  • Having an unstable or unsatisfactory marriage
  • Being a full-time parent as opposed to a parent who has other duties such as employment
  • Parents who do not believe their child is ready to be on his or her own
  • People whose identity was based around being a parent

Symptoms of empty nest syndrome include, but are not limited to:

  • Depression
  • Loss of purpose
  • Worry, stress, or anxiety over the welfare of the child
  • Feelings of rejection

How to Recover From Empty Nest Syndrome

    Prepare for the departure. If you're expecting your children to be leaving within the next year, take this time to check that they are aware of how to do the basic essentials for caring for themselves alone. Make sure they know how to wash their clothes, cook for themselves, deal with neighbor disputes, balance a checkbook, negotiate for good deals when buying things, and know how to appreciate the value of money. While some of these things will improve with practice, it's important to talk through and show how to do some of the basics so that they're not left completely adrift. Using a how-to site like wikiHow for explanations on household tasks and lifestyle issues can be helpful if needed.

    • If you don't know that your children are leaving until the last minute, don't panic. Accept that this is happening and be enthusiastic for them, offering your support at any time it is needed. It is better for your children to know that you support them, love them, and are willing to be of help to them than to see you fretting and worrying.
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    Treat it as a new adventure
    Shift aside the terrifying thoughts. Both you and your children will be better off if you treat this as a big adventure. Your children will be feeling a range of emotions from being terrified to being over the moon about their upcoming new experiences. For children who are frightened at the prospect of leaving, it's important to reassure them by telling them that the unknown is worse than the reality. Help them to understand that once they're into their new routine, it'll be familiar, fun, and successful.
    • Let your kids know that your home is their permanent base, for whenever they need or want to return home. This provides both you and your children with a very secure sense of belonging and safety.
    • If your kids are miserable for the initial time they're away, don't be secretly pleased about this. They're going to have to work through these emotions while they're getting used to the new arrangements, and they'll need your active support in this, not a secret wish for them to come running back home. This means not actively offering coming back home as an option, and not sorting out all the things for them – let them learn to do things on their own, including administrative and negotiation tasks. They will make mistakes but equally, they'll learn best that way.
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    Yes Mrs Wibbly, your daughter is exceptional!
    Explore the ways that you intend to keep in touch with your children. You'll feel a sense of loneliness and emptiness when they're gone because you can't just turn around and tell them the things as you always used to do. Keeping up constant communications is vital for maintaining a sense of family togetherness and to keep up with the news. Some of the methods you can consider include:
    • Make sure they have a decent cell phone that can connect easily to networks and will last the year. If they've had a cell phone for a while now, you might need to upgrade or at least upgrade its battery. Buy prepaid phone minutes so that they don't have to be concerned about the cost of calling you.
    • Schedule a weekly call-in time. While you may feel tempted to call more often than this, it will become a burden unless they choose to do so, so try not to expect too much from them. Be sensitive to their need to grow and become their own adult person.
    • Use email or texting for all the in-between things you'd like to share. These are great mediums because you can say things without being overly emotional.[1] Be aware as time goes on, though, that your son or daughter may not reply as frequently as they do initially. This is part of their settling in and developing a new group of relationships, etc., and it does not mean they've stopped caring.

  3. Understand what empty nest syndrome is, so that you can recognize the symptoms in your own situation.
    Understand what empty nest syndrome is, so that you can recognize the symptoms in your own situation. Empty nest syndrome is a psychological condition that affects principally women, producing grief when one or more of the children leave home. Most commonly it occurs when children leave for school, college, or university (usually late summer and autumn), or when children marry and leave home to live with their spouse. Empty nest syndrome often coincides with other major events in life, such as menopause, illness, or retirement. It impacts women in particular because motherhood is viewed as a primary role for both working and stay-at-home moms, and a role to which women dedicate themselves as a principal responsibility for an average of 20 years. A child leaving can precipitate a feeling of redundancy, accompanied by feeling lost, unworthy, and unsure about the future. Feeling sad and crying a little is a normal, healthy reaction to be expected of any parent; after all, it is a big change. It becomes a problem when you have feelings that stand in the way of your life, such as thinking that your life is no longer worthwhile, you're unable to stop crying excessively, and you're unable to resume a normal life of seeing friends, getting out and about, or resuming some activities that get you back into the swing of things.

    • Psychologists consider that the transition from being an actively involved mom to being an independent woman again takes around 18 months to two years. This means that it's vital to allow yourself the time to grieve, work through the loss, and rebuild your life is important. Be gentle on yourself and the expectations that you have.
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    Accept support.
    Accept support. If you find that you're really not coping and feel a deep sense of emptiness, sadness, or an inability to get your life back on track after the children leave, it's important to get help. You might be suffering from depression or a similar psychological ailment that is preventing you from enjoying life to its fullest. Talk to a professional. Cognitive therapy or similar types of therapy that enable you to talk through your issues might work well. Or, you may simply need a listening ear and confirmation that what you're going through is real, does matter, and in time, will pass.
    • Acknowledge your grief. It doesn't matter what other people think or say about getting on with it. Unacknowledged grief will gnaw away at you if you don't face it and let yourself be upset for a time. Allow the grief to work through your system.
    • Treat yourself. While going through the hardship of grief, don't neglect yourself. Have a regular massage, go to a movie now and then, buy your favorite expensive chocolate box, etc. All sadness and no happy moments is a recipe for continued blues.
    • Consider having a "letting go" ritual. Having a ritual in which you "let go" of your children as they turn into adults, and let go of the active parenting role, can be an important and cathartic way to help you to move on. Some suggestions include: Sail a lantern with a candle in it down a stream, plant a tree, bronze something special of your child's, hold a ceremony that reflects your faith, etc.
    • Talk to your spouse about your feelings. He or she may be feeling similar emotions and will relish the chance to talk it through. Or, they may simply listen and acknowledge what you're going through, which is an important source of acceptance for you.
    • Consider keeping a journal to document your journey. Prayer or meditation may also help.
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    Try those things you've not yet managed to get around to...
    Start looking to your own needs. Once you're satisfied that you've set your child on the right path, the busyness will wear off and you'll start noticing the big change in your life. The way in which you choose to perceive this change will color your feelings and approach to it – if you see it as a gaping hole, you'll feel much more miserable than if you choose to see it as an opportunity to revive some of your own interests and pursuits.
    • Avoid creating a shrine out of your child's bedroom. If they didn't clean it up before they left, throw some of your emotions into removing all that trash! Eliminate some of the clutter, but carefully place your child's keepsakes in safe storage.
    • Write down all the things you'd promised yourself you'd get around to doing one day. Now is the time to start doing them. Pin this list somewhere obvious and start working through it.
    • Build new friendships or revive lapsed ones. Friends are an important part of your transition from parent full-time to person-at-home-without-kids. Get out there and meet new people. There will be other empty-nesters like you looking for friendship too. And friends can prove a useful source of information about hobbies, activities, and job openings too.
    • Take up a new hobby or interest. Or revive an old one that you allowed to lapse while raising children. Anything from painting, photography, woodworking, to skydiving and travel!
    • Go back to school or university. Select a course that you feel resonates with you at this point in life. Work out whether this is a completely new path you're setting out on, or whether it's to upgrade your existing qualifications. Either way is good.
    • Restart a career – either pick up where you left off or start a new one. Realize that even though you're "rusty", you have the advantage of experience, so after some initial relearning, you'll be off to a much faster start than when you were fresh out of school or college.
    • Consider volunteering. If you're not quite ready to go back to work just yet, volunteering in potential workplaces can be a good way to transition back into the workforce at a pace that suits you. It also gives you the chance to try things to see if you like them or not.
    • Try participating in charities. Doing something positive with your free time can be very fulfilling.
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    Time to rediscover one another
    Rediscover the love of your life. Unless you're a lone/single parent, you'll be left with your spouse or partner. And this can be a difficult time if you discover that there's a problem with your relationship you hadn't faced because having the children around helped to cement together your spousal relationship. Or, it can simply be a case that after being parents for so long, you've forgotten how to be lovers. This is a time to talk honestly and openly about the direction of your relationship together and to decide what happens next.

    • If your children were the only bonding force in your marriage, you and your spouse may need to work on your own relationship to restore what has been neglected between the two of you, especially if you feel that your relationship is now redundant. Seek couples counseling if you feel this would assist the transition back to being alone together again.
    • Acceptance that this is a difficult time of transition can allow both of you to forgive the uncertainties and messiness of growing together as a couple without kids again.
    • It can help if you develop the mindset that you expect your spouse or partner to have changed at least a little. After all, both of you have aged a lot since meeting and you've been through many different experiences during the times of raising your children, experiences that probably neither of you envisaged when you first fell in love. As time moves on, many people become clearer about what they do and don't like, what they believe and don't believe, and these discoveries may now be more evident than when you first married or paired up. Trying to see this as an opportunity to discover each other's "new" selves can be a fruitful way to revive a flagging relationship.
    • Spend more time with your spouse or partner and get to know them again. Take a vacation together to help revive the feelings of closeness and reliance on one another for emotional support.
    • Allow time for your relationship to blossom anew. This can be an exciting time of rejuvenation for both of you.
    • Sometimes, none of this will patch up the reality that you've grown apart. If you realize that your relationship is beyond repair, talk it through or seek support, to enable you to reach a decision that will enable both of you to move on happily into the future.
Start looking for the brighter side again
Focus on some of the positive points of your kids moving out. Focusing on some of the positive changes resulting from your children moving out can ease the sense of loss considerably when you weigh up what you've gained. While this doesn't belittle the importance of your sadness and the big transition you and your children are going through, it does help you to try and see the brighter side of your future. Some of the positive points include:

  • You may notice that the refrigerator does not need refilling quite as often. This means less trips to the grocery store and less cooking required!
  • Romance with your spouse may increase. The two of you have time and space now to return to being just a couple; make the most of it.
  • If you used to do all of your children's laundry, there will be a lot less washing and ironing for you to do now. Try not to give in to doing it again when they return home for breaks. Expecting them to have grown up enough to do this for themselves is an important step to letting them grow up.
  • You've got your bathroom back.
  • Smaller water, phone and electricity bills will help you save money. And that saved money can be put toward a vacation with your spouse or friends!
  • Feel extremely proud of yourself for having raised children who are capable of going out into the world and surviving and thriving on their own. Give yourself a pat on the back.

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